How do Solar Photovoltaic System Produce Electricity?

There are 3 main steps to get the solar photovoltaic system ready to produce electricity; system purchasing & system installation & metering, and power grid connectivity.

The most important step is that you have to make sure that your solar company will be in charge of installation, installing metering device, and to connect solar photovoltaic system with the grid. The barriers that can be energized built with metal wires are mostly used to prevent enemies or theft. Solar company invoice you have to pay should have the prices of these tasks and all relevant works. However, in general, the electricity company will supply such solar energy meter and install or supervise on its installation.

After installing the solar energy meter, your solar photovoltaic system is ready to run and produce electricity. Generally solar photovoltaic system life time is 25 years, and its return of investment will depend on the following factors which change continuously:

Solar photovoltaic system power generation
1. Amount of solar light the solar array will receive daily.
2. Annual electricity cost "kwh"(you pay for electricity company)
3. Feed in tariff (exported energy to the grid "price").
4. What is your electricity consumption which you would have had to pay for before installing the solar photovoltaic system, and now it becomes generated from such solar system.
5. How much electricity you can transfer from night time to the daylight time like running dryer, solar water pump,washing machines, heaters, vacuum cleaner, etc.

As an example, let us assume we have 6kw solar photovoltaic system, and based on 4 hours’ day peak sun hours, this system will generate 8760kwh electricity per year. Suppose we use 5000kwh during the year, and that electricity company tariff is approx. 28 cents per kwh, also the feed in tariff for the energy retailer (exported energy) is 8 cents per kwh, so:

The value we have to pay for electricity company per year and now the solar system covers it = 5000kwh x 28c = 1400USD.
The amount of solar electricity that will be feedback to the grid = 8760kwh-5000kwh = 3760USD.
The price of the solar electricity exported to the power grid per year = 3760kwh x 8 cent = 300.8USD.
So, total saving achieved due to solar photovoltaic system installation per year = 1400USD + 300.8USD = 1700.8USD.
Total saving achieved due to solar photovoltaic system installation over its lifetime (25 year) = 42520 USD.
So, if the solar photovoltaic system total price (capital + running) = 10000USD.
Then, return on investment will be 10000USD/1700.8USD = 5.87 years.

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