Basically, the solar panels are mainly consisting of several small solar cells connected electrically to each other in series. When the solar cell subjected to sunlight, it will generate direct current electricity (DC voltage), then the solar inverter takes the DC electricity and converting it to alternating current electricity (AC voltage). This AC energy will flow through your home electrical distribution panel, and distributed to flow through different branches/wires to operate your home different electrical appliances/equipment. And the following are the main 3 steps in how the solar panels will work for our home:
Generally, the solar photovoltaic system with its different types (Grid Tie, Off Grid, and Hybrid) deal with risky voltages values, its alive electricity with voltages that can hurt and cause die to human in case of direct contact. Also, there are some technical areas that needs solar professionals to deal with, like the issues related to wind loading and how the solar system can withstand this safely, how to make voltage compatibility between solar panels configurations, and how to do installation and commission for the solar inverter. One more important thing is that in order to get solar rebates for the residential solar system from your government, your solar system must be installed by professional, licensed and accredited solar system installers.
Usually the main reason of installing the solar photovoltaic system is to produce electricity to be used in different applications. Some people lives in remote locations which are not serviced by the main electric grid, and using solar photovoltaic system for those people is a very reliable and cost effective way of electricity generation, it’s very less expensive than making extensions (installing poles and cables) to get electricity from the nearest main grid power supply.
Silicon solar cell, framing, glass, connectors and diodes types and quality. Also, other components which share to make the final solar panel. Of course there will be cheaper option and expensive option, and logically the expensive option is referring to the high quality and longer life. These differences will be fully noted, and recognized after 10 or 15 years of solar system operation date.
Solar system installation costs. It will be extra required costs for complicated roofs for example or how connections will be securely done and what will be the costs of system balance like fuse or isolators.
The inverter is the heart of the solar photovoltaic system, and more than 90% of solar system failures causes is due to inverter malfunction. There are 2 main factors affecting solar inverter selecting; inverter performance and its price.
If your building/house is heavily shaded. As the shadow will dramatically reduce the solar system generated output electricity. In your vision you have to take care and consider about the impact of the current shadow and the anticipated shadow comes from trees grow or known renovations and extensions in surrounding buildings, that what we called shadow analysis study. It is an important study assisting us deciding whether the solar system will be a good beneficial investment project that worth to proceed or not. One more thing to note, is that in case of locations subjected to such shadow, its recommended to use micro solar inverter, so you can distribute your solar panels freely and avoid areas with heavy shadow.
One of substantial financial saving we can get from solar photovoltaic system is to make what we called "load shift". It means to shift electrical power usage from night times to daylight times in where the sun is shining and the solar system generates such free electricity. We strongly recommend to run your high power equipment in day light time, like dish washer, clothes washer, pool pump, dryers, water heater, electric heater, electric cars, etc. By this way you can make big financial saving and avoid paying high electricity bill to the electric utility. Also, it is worth to pay your attention to using timer to achieve smoothly operation of such equipment to daylight hours, it will be very helpful way to avoid the forgetting.
There are two main types of solar batteries in the market; Lead acid and lithium. Although adding such batteries to the solar system will add extra significant expenses on solar system price, but it has much benefits; It will reduce our electricity bill, and we will be independent of the grid keeping our equipment work in case of grid interruption, and this is critical high value benefit in places/areas prone to grid blackout or even has no connectivity with the grid, and specially for some kinds of sensitive equipment like fridges, freezers, and medical equipment.
The solar photovoltaic system power generation in sunny day is approx. 4-5 times the cloudy day, so we need to delay operating our big power capacity appliances, like dryer, washing machine, and dish washer in cloudy day to the next sunny day. In general, when solar generation is low then do Not run all your appliances at the same time, and delay those which can be delayed without harming your lifestyle to the next sunny day, in order to avoid purchasing electricity from your local grid and pay more for your electricity bill. So, please do your jobs in sequence rather than doing them simultaneously.
Also, for your Air conditioner, you can pre-heat or pre-cool your home at daylight time, so stored heat or cool on your home wall will provide a comfortable whether in the evening. This way can save you much money compared to the Air conditioner regular operating time from 5pm To 9pm when usually the household returned back to home.
One of the most external factors affecting solar photovoltaic performance rather than the 3 factors aforementioned, is how much solar irradiation exists in that country/location. There will be many calculators available on internet free of charge that provide us with accurate sun irradiation data for each place in the world. This calculator estimates the output power from the solar photovoltaic system based on optimal criteria, means best orientation, best pitch angel, no shadow, and standard good quality solar panels.
Payback period refers to: In how many years our solar system will return back its fixed and running costs we should pay for. Basically, before proceeding in purchasing/installing any kind of solar system and due to their high initial costs, we need to make economical feasibility study to know how to calculate the payback period and whether this solar system will be profitable project or not.
The electricity consumption in homes differs based on home size, number of resides, home wall insulation, heating/cooling system presence/ capacities, number/ type of electrical appliances, and of course the life style. So, large homes with pools, and air conditioning units will exhibit high consumption with high electricity bill more than small homes, and always the home owners are looking forward to reduce the consumption/bills which is critical in large homes. In fact, there will be 2 main opportunities to reduce electricity consumptions and save your money.
When sizing the solar photovoltaic system, we should mind some logic important factors that have substantial effects on solar system itself and our electrical appliances/equipment:
1. If we don’t use the electricity generated from the solar photovoltaic system during the daylight hours instantaneously, it will be exported back to the power grid if we have grid tie solar photovoltaic system type.
Solar inverter is an important electronic device which converts dc electricity generated from solar panels photovoltaic system or dc batteries system to ac electricity that can be used to operate our household appliances, commercial/ industrial buildings...etc. The solar inverter mainly consists of step-up transformer, voltage regulator, mosfet driver and some other small electronics components.
Solar photovoltaic system converts sun lights to electricity, but solar hot water system and also called solar thermal system converts direct heat gained from the sun to hot water. So, they are 2 different amazing technologies to make use of the unlimited sun energy.
In solar photovoltaic system, when the sun lights hit the solar panels surface, an electric direct current is generated and flow over the electrical wires/cables, then it is going to an Inverter which does convert this DC Voltage To AC voltage which is usable for all of our electrical appliances/equipment. So, it’s not complicated system, its simple and profitable project on all scales.
In the market you will find many numbers of companies that provide solar components, and for each solar professional, you can take advice from, his certain recommended products, and each solar professional will provide very convincing reasons standing behind his choice. So which opinion you can trust, and which product is really the best?
Before implementing any type of solar systems projects, whether it is On Grid or Off Grid solar system, we need to calculate the return on investment of such project, and to be more specific, we need to calculate how much money we will harvest? In other word, how long does it take for the solar system project to pay for itself (payback period)? And what is the extra money we can get after the solar system project returned the expenditures we paid for it.
There are 8 tips to consider when selecting the proper off grid solar inverter, let us see as following.
1. The off grid solar inverter output voltage and frequency. This will base on your load requirements and usually its same as your country standard supply voltage/frequency.
2. Installing off grid solar inverter or hybrid inverter. Most of off grid solar inverters and hybrid solar inverters have AC backup supply connection, so the inverter bypass to use it for feeding your loads in case of sun absence and batteries discharged. Moreover, you can use this AC backup supply to charge the batteries through internal solar inverter batteries charger.
In order to install photovoltaic solar system in your building, you need to choose in between 2 main solar system types: On Grid and Off Grid. Which one will be the most technically suitable and cost effective as well? As an one-top online shop, inverter.com provides full range of solar inverter products to customers worldwide. On grid inverters, off grid inverters, micro inverters could be found in our shop.
Grid tie system is a solar system incorporates solar panels, grid tie solar inverter and other components to convert sun light into usable AC electricity while your house/premises remain hooked up to the electric utility, consequently your house still be fed with electricity even after the sun light disappears at the night (from the electric utility), and at the day time, the solar system will take the responsibility!