Full name of the micro inverter is micro solar on grid inverter. It generally refers to inverters with power below 1500W and module-level MPPT. It is mostly used in photovoltaic power generation systems. Micro is relatively small compared to traditional centralized inverters. The micro inverter inverts each component. Its advantage is that each component can be independently controlled by MPPT, which can greatly improve the overall efficiency. At the same time, micro inverter can also avoid the DC high voltage, poor light effect, and wooden barrel effect of the centralized inverter. Micro inverters manage the collection of solar energy at the level of a single panel to improve the efficiency of the solar equipment, rather than working in the entire system like a central inverter. In the past, in order to ensure maximum power output during solar energy harvesting, the complex control mechanisms used increased costs and restricted the acceptance of micro-inverters. Complex and cost-effective IC and processor-based solutions can handle the logic control of micro inverter designs. Various voltage controllers and regulators also provide complementary solutions for solar panel DC output power generation.
The inverter plays an important role in the photovoltaic grid-connected system design. It can convert the solar energy into DC energy and then invert it to the single-phase AC energy that can be applied by various devices.
The micro inverter technology means the technology of directly connecting inverter with single PV module. Each PV module can be equipped with an inverter that can realize AC-DC conversion and can track the maximum power point. It can directly convert the power generated by PV module into the AC energy so that it can realize AC load purpose or it can be transmitted to the power grid.
As to the optimization of the efficiency and reliability for solar photovoltaic system, a rather new means is to use the micro inverter, which shall be connected to each solar panel. Equipping a separate micro inverter for each solar panel can make the system adapt to changing loads and weather conditions, thereby providing the best conversion efficiency for a single panel and the entire system. The micro-inverter architecture can also simplify wiring, which means lower installation costs. By making consumer solar power systems more efficient, the time required for the system to get back the initial investment in solar technology will be reduced.
If the solar system is confirmed to be expanded in the future, micro inverters are a good choice. It is easy to continue adding a new unit to the micro inverters. The cost of adding another complete unit to a standard inverter is higher. When the panel faces multiple directions or there is a shading problem, choosing a micro inverter is definitely a value-added product.
Solar inverter is the brain of the solar system, although its basic role is to convert DC electricity comes from solar panels to usable AC electricity, now it takes the responsibility to monitor and control the whole solar system and provides important technical info required for solar system operation and maintenance crews to fix system errors, in addition to that it takes responsibility to manage batteries system incase of its presence in the solar system.
The micro-inverter technology directly combines the inverter with a single photovoltaic module to equip every photovoltaic module with an inverter module which is capable of DC-AC conversion and the MPP tracking. The inverter module can directly convert the power generated by the photovoltaic module into the AC for the AC load use or transmit it to the grid.
300W-1400W solar micro inverters from inverter.com adopt IP67 waterproof streamline appearance design, which can effectively prevent rain erosion on the surface, and has built-in high-performance Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) function, which can better track the changes of solar photometry and control different output power, effectively capture and collect sunlight. Reverse AC power transmission technology is one of our patented technologies. The power output from micro inverters can be used preferentially to provide load. The endless power is transmitted to the power grid in the opposite direction. The power output from inverters can be used efficiently, and the power transmission rate can reach more than 99%. To show you what you can expect, we've outlined a simple six-step guide for a typical solar microinverter installation process.