Solar Inverter Functions
Saturday, April 23, 2022
The solar power inverter not only has the function of DC-AC conversion, but also has the function of maximizing the function of solar cells and system maintenance. This article mainly focuses on solar power inverter’s automatic operation and shutdown function and maximum power tracking control function.
The solar panels will generate DC electricity once the sun hits their surfaces, but they do not store electricity, they need batteries to store such generated electricity inside. The solar panels are manufactured from semiconductor materials like silicon, and they produce DC electricity through a process called photovoltaic. Under photovoltaic process, the semiconductor materials will exposure when the sunlight hit it, so the DC current will be generated.
Because the solar inverter and batteries considered as 2 main parts in any solar system, we have to take care about some reasons makes them are not working properly in some conditions, and if there will be quick solutions in such cases, making them come back to work quickly.
The solar inverter with all of its different types constitutes as the second most important part in solar system, because its responsible of major main jobs. It is responsible of the safety, quality and quantity of the AC output power (AC electricity) generated for the solar system, and its responsible of AC output power optimization at different conditions the solar system encounters over the day and year, so it plays an important role in increasing the electrical energy harvest.
The solar inverter is an electronic equipment, like any other electronics, its price varies from one manufacturer to another, one brand to another, and even one country to another, etc based on its quality and performance, because high quality inverter will be translated to longer life time expectancy. Actually in general the high quality solar inverter will be more expensive than lower quality one. So, when we intend to purchase our new solar inverter we have to decide whether we need the high performance and robustness or the cheaper one.
This is a frequently asked question by many customers when they intend to buy their new solar inverter, especially if they will install the solar inverter near a window or near their bed room or a studying room.
Actually, the high quality manufactured solar inverter is always very quiet, and you will not hear any noise, because it actually made of electronics component and it does Not have an internal transformer inside (transformer-less).
Sometimes the solar inverter beeps as a part of its normal operation, other times it beeps to indicate fault condition. So, it’s important to understand these conditions, and to know how to deal with each one.
In normal operation and in general, the solar panels do not generate noise, as they are manufactured and designed to be noise free equipment, especially in night time, but even at day time where the sun hits the solar panel and it works to generate electricity, there will not be a noise.
The solar inverter is the main part of the solar photovoltaic system, so taking care about the best installation position is important to achieve more efficiency, reliability and longer life span for not only the solar inverter, but for the whole solar photovoltaic system.
Net Metering is one of the dominant arrangements the electricity company dealing us in billing when we install our new solar photovoltaic system. Under this arrangement, the electricity generated from the solar inverters and the solar photovoltaic system will go to feed our home (electrical loads) at first, and then the additional excess generated electricity which is not required by our home electrical appliances/loads will be exported to the power grid.
The energy metering system is an important component in our solar system, because it tells us how much electricity our solar system generates, how much electricity our electrical appliances and equipment are using and the amount of electricity we are still buying for the power utility or export to the power utility after connecting our solar system to the power grid.
There are many different solar photo-voltaic monitoring systems in the market, and the basic element which doing such monitoring is the solar inverter itself. So, the solar inverter usually comes with some monitoring levels starting from simple convenient level to sophisticated level.
The solar inverter is the main crucial part of our solar photovoltaic system, so we have to take care about all details related to it, like mainly choosing the high quality brand when purchasing, and proper technical installation, etc. One of the important details is: Should we install it inside or outside the home? Where we should install it in our home? And what is the best place?
In grid tie solar photovoltaic system in which the solar inverter output is connected to the AC power grid, there are 2 ways of electrical energy metering scheme: gross metering and net metering. And here we shall discuss the difference in between.
The solar panel efficiency is the ability of the panel to convert sunlight power to usable electrical power, for example, if the solar panel efficiency is 16%, that means only 16% of the sun light hits the panel will be converted to usable electricity. Actually in the market, the average solar panels efficiency ratings vary in the range 15% up to 20%.
There are many advantages of micro inverter over central inverter, the first advantage is that micro inverter is performing much better in case of shading, as if there will be a partial shading on a part of our solar system due to chimneys or trees, the overall output power of the string will not be affected, but only the shaded solar panel output power will be affected, while in central inverter the overall output power of the string will be affected, and there will be much power loss. The second advantage is the capability of micro inverter to track maximum power point for each connected solar panel, resulting in high efficiency and output power from the solar system.
Monitoring the solar Photo-Voltaic system is a very important matter because it shows you how much electricity saving you got from your solar system, in addition, it assists you knowing if the system is running properly producing its rated power or it may have a fault, so you can take a rapid troubleshooting action.
Most of people know about different components of solar photovoltaic system, like solar panels, solar inverters and mounting systems. But many of them do not have much details about how to set up and install the whole rooftop solar photovoltaic plant, especially the mounting system, to extent that they may have a concern of damaging their roof in case of installing this mounting system on it.
Solar Inverter is like any electronic device, it is built and sold based on its low price or high quality performance (high price), so the customer can take purchasing decision based on his requirements or budget. Generally, if you are not an electronic engineer, it will be difficult to know the solar inverter internal components efficiency which is the cornerstone for inverter quality and lifetime expectancy. Here, we shall provide two guides for you to indicate the good quality solar inverter even you are not a specialist in solar system inverters industry.
PV inverter or Solar inverter is one of the most critical components of the solar power system and is often referred to as the heart of a solar PV system. It converts DC (like 12V/ 24V/ 48V) electricity from solar panel into AC (like 120V/ 230V/ 240V) power required to run your applicance. Photo-Voltaic power generation system is mainly composed of solar panels (components), controllers and inverters. They are mainly composed of electronic components, but do not involve mechanical components.
After taking the decision to install your solar system, you select the most suited solar company to design the system, get the approval on solar system capacity from your electric utility, then installation is done finally. Actually it takes approx. 3 weeks in average to install your solar photo-voltaic on your roof depending on the system size, and weather conditions.