How to Connect a MPPT Solar Charge Controller?

The solar power generation system consists of solar cell, solar charge controller and storage battery (pack). If you want the solar power system to output 220V or 110V AC power, you need to configure a solar inverter. The solar charge controller regulates the charging and discharging of the battery, and controls the solar cell and the battery's power output to the load according to the power demand of the load, which is the core part of the whole photovoltaic power system.

The popular solar charge controllers on the market are mainly PWM charge controller and MPPT charge controller. The PWM solar charge controller adopts Pulse Width Modulation control mode, which solves the problem of battery dissatisfaction, and the charging conversion efficiency is 75 ~ 80%, but the solar panel is not fully utilized. The MPPT solar charge controller is an upgraded version of PWM controller of solar energy. The MPPT charge controller can detect the voltage and current of solar panels in real time and continuously track maximum power, thus the system is always charging the battery in the maximum power. The MPPT tracking efficiency is up to 99%, and the power generation efficiency of the whole PV system reaches 97%.

MPPT solar charge controller connection

The figure below is a basic wiring diagram of the MPPT solar charge controller on Next, we will show you step by step how to properly connect the controller with the solar panel, battery and DC load.

MPPT solar charge controller connection diagram

1. Before connection

Before the wiring, you first remove the cover and loosen the connection lock, and then your will see the wiring terminals for solar panel, battery, load as well as temperature sensor and Rs 485 port for PC.

Before wiring of MPPT charge controller2. Connect batteries to MPPT charge controller

See the wiring diagram below for the connection between the charge controller and batteries. Make sure that the positive and negative terminals of the charge controller and batteries are properly connected. The batteries are connected in series. Please note that when connecting the batteries, it must disconnect circuit breaker.

Connecting batteries to MPPT charge controller

3. Connect DC load to MPPT charge controller

The “DC LOAD” terminal of MPPT solar charge controller can be connected to DC load of the same rated voltage as the batteries. The charge controller provides the power based on the battery voltage. The wiring diagram of the solar charge controller and DC load is shown as below.

Connecting DC load to MPPT charge controller4. Connect PV panel module to MPPT charge controller

The MPPT solar charge controllers are suitable for 12V, 24V, 48V off-grid solar panel module, and also applied for the grid tie module of which the open voltage does not exceed the specified maximum input voltage. The PV module in the solar system cannot be lower than the system voltage. Please note that when connecting the PV module, it must disconnect circuit breaker. The connection is displayed in the below figure.

Connecting PV panel module to MPPT charge controller5. Temperature sensor, MPPT charge controller and PC connection

The MPPT solar charge controller can be connected to the temperature sensor and PC via Rs485. The Rs485 communication line is optional. You can buy extra if necessary.

Temperature sensor & MPPT charge controller and PC connection

MPPT solar charge controller installation

In addition to the wiring, there are something to be noted when install the MPPT solar charge controller.

1. Environment condition

  • The charge controller should be installed on a solid surface.
  • The installation site can be accessible at any time.
  • The charge controller should be installed at a location where it can be disassembled at any time.
  • The ambient temperature should be -20℃ ~ 50℃, so as to ensure the optimal working environment.

2. Safety distance

Please follow the safety clearance to ensure that other equipment or objects are not within this range, so as to guarantee adequate cooling space.

Safety distance of MPPT charge controller

Buy low price yet high efficiency solar charge controller from, including 10 Amp, 20 Amp,...60 Amp PWM solar charge controllers and 20A30A to 60A MPPT solar charge controllers.

Leave your comment
2/14/2020 10:24 AM
can you connect the load of the controller to a second battery bank
3/4/2020 2:24 AM
Very helpful, thank you so much!
3/19/2020 1:45 PM
This was very helpful thanks.
4/13/2020 8:16 AM
Very helpful thanks
4/15/2020 5:15 AM
Very helpful thankyou
5/30/2020 10:04 AM
I have One doubt in this circute system while connecting to the  Normal Inverter connect with Ac LOAD FOR battery changing and at the same h Solar charge Controller  also produce the current for battery at the same time battery input was both come inverter and charge controller ... Need for the clarification
6/1/2020 12:36 AM
I have purchase a powertech 12V/15A MPPT solar charger for my boat. I have two 40W solar panels attached to the boat's stern; on port side the other starboard side. Can I connect the dual panels in parallel without steering diode?
7/23/2020 10:20 AM
Can I connect a wind turbine (800w) (24dc) in place of the PV panels?
2/3/2021 3:07 PM
Good evening , I ve ten solar panels 300watt, it was connected in series and I measured the voltage it 400vdc, I had 80 amps mppt
Pls I want to know if I will connect that 400 vdc from pv to mppt positive and negative after battery bank was 48vdc to mppt
2/21/2021 3:59 PM
I live in FL and need an experienced person
to program and install
I am not wanting charity. I will pay for your help
5/5/2021 7:03 AM
good day to your office, i want to learn more about solar panel system, can i ask a diagram about how to install mppt charge controller,together with inverter or a basic diagram that i will use in my house, i only use 100 watts solar panel and a battery,hope you can help me, im alfie, from philippines, plss send in my gmail. thank you so much and god bless
6/22/2021 8:11 PM
I've connected a pure sine 4000/8000w inverter to the load along with the the dc load. It worked fine when the batteries were at 100% but when they hit %50 the solar controller threw an error, e1 'short circuit', and stopped the load. Any idea when what is happening here?
7/30/2021 7:37 AM
EXCELLENT how to.... better that the OTHER 11 sites I went on that "Tried" to explain MPPT's to us beginners!

I also had to book-mark this page for any "re-runs" or just to refreash my nooby knowledge!

Most of the other sites didn't even bother putting any pictures, and rather bothered us trying to read THRU facebook, twit-er, etc to see the font on their quasi-explainations.

SO thank you very much for QUALITY instructions and photos!
8/28/2021 10:57 AM
Sir do we have a solar charge controller rated 1000A in case of central inverters?.
9/2/2021 7:03 AM
Nice wrote up.  I might add that you would need an RS485 to USB adapter for connection to a PC.
11/22/2021 6:01 PM
What prevents over charging of the batteries?
3/25/2023 12:14 PM
I would like to know prices for 60 and 20 amps