Structure of a Pure Sine Wave Inverter

A pure sine wave inverter is a kind of inverter, which is a power electronic device that converts DC power (power battery, storage battery) into AC power (usually 220V, 50Hz sine wave). Inverter and AC/ DC converter is the opposite process. A sine wave inverter is an electric energy conversion device that converts direct current into alternating current. It completes the inversion task by turning on and off power semiconductor devices according to specific rules. Next, let's talk about the basic structure of a pure sine wave inverter.

Input circuit

The input of the inverter is usually direct current (or direct current obtained by rectifying and filtering the mains), and these direct currents include direct current power grids, storage batteries, photovoltaic cells, and other direct currents. Usually, this electric energy cannot be directly used as the input side voltage of the inverter but is used as the input of the inverter after passing through a certain filter circuit and EMC circuit.Pure sine wave inverter

Inverter main circuit

The main circuit of the pure sine wave inverter is a power conversion circuit composed of power switching devices. The structure of the main circuit is divided into many types. Under different input and output conditions, the main circuit forms are also different. Each power conversion circuit has its own advantages and disadvantages. , the most suitable circuit topology should be considered as the main circuit structure in the actual design.

Control circuit

According to the requirements of the inverter output, the control circuit generates one or more sets of pulse voltages through a certain control technology, and acts on the power switch tube through the drive circuit, so that the power switch tube is turned on or off according to the specified order, and finally the main power switch is turned on or off. The desired voltage waveform is obtained at the output of the circuit. The function of the control circuit is very important for the inverter system, and the performance of the control circuit directly determines the quality of the output voltage waveform of the inverter.

Output circuit

The output circuit generally includes an output filter circuit and an EMC circuit. If the output is DC, a rectifier circuit should be added later. For a solar inverter for home with isolated output, an isolation transformer should also be provided in the front stage of the output circuit. According to whether the output needs a voltage regulator circuit, the output circuit can be divided into open-loop and closed-loop control. The output of the open-loop system is only determined by the control circuit, while the output of the closed-loop system is also affected by the feedback loop, making the output more stable.

Structure of pure sine wave inverter

Auxiliary power

Some parts or chips of the control circuit and the input and output circuit have specific input voltage requirements, and the auxiliary power supply can meet the specific voltage requirements in the circuit. Usually, the auxiliary power supply is composed of one or several DC-DC converters. For the case of AC input, the auxiliary power supply is completed by combining the rectified voltage and the DC-DC converter.

Protect the circuit

Protection circuits usually include input overvoltage, undervoltage protection, output overvoltage, undervoltage protection, overload protection, overcurrent, and short circuit protection. There are other protections for inverters working in specific occasions, such as temperature protection in very low or very high temperature occasions, air pressure protection in the case of certain air pressure changes, and air pressure protection in humid environments. Humidity protection, etc.

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