Sine Wave Inverter vs UPS
-Saturday, February 27, 2021
An inverter is a device composed of inverter device and component, which is directly different from a transformer. In other words, the inverter can realize DC input and then output AC. The working principle is similar to that of a switching power supply, but the oscillation frequency is within a certain range. For example, if the frequency is 50Hz, the output will be AC 50Hz. An inverter is a device that its frequency can be changed. UPS (Uninterruptible Power System/Uninterruptible Power Supply) is system equipment that connects batteries (mostly lead-acid maintenance-free batteries) with the host, and converts DC power into mains power through module circuits such as the host inverter. It provides uninterrupted power, and is mainly used to some equipment that requires high power supply stability.
Inductor heating is one of the common faults in the use of sine wave inverters. There are two problems resulting to inductor heating: excessive loss on the inductor and poor heat dissipation conditions. The best way to solve the serious problem of heating is to start from the perspective of loss (inductance loss and magnetic core loss).
Inverter is a device that can convert DC (direct current, such as storage battery) into AC (alternating current/mains), which is widely used in air conditioners, computers, lighting and other electrical appliances. Especially on traveling or working, inverter can generate alternating current by being connected with batteries, so as to supply power for the instruments or electrical appliances requiring alternating current for use.
It is very easy to change alternating current (AC) into direct current (DC), and with only a diode, the simplest rectifier circuit can be formed. However, it is not that simple to change direct current to alternating current. The magnitude and direction of alternating current will change periodically over time. The mains power we use shows regular changes of sine function.
A sine wave inverter is a kind of common inverter. Sine wave inverter is a power electronic device that can convert DC (direct current) electric energy (such as power batteries, storage batteries) into AC (alternating current). The sine wave inverter outputs pure sine wave current, it is compared with a modified wave inverter. Inverter and AC-DC converter are opposite processes. AC-DC converters or power adapters rectify will convert current into direct current, while inverters will have the opposite effect. So it is get the name.
As we all know, there are two kinds of electricity: one is direct current (DC), such as electricity from batteries and mobile phone chargers, and its waveform is a straight line; the other is alternating current (AC), which is 220V/110V for household use. The alternate means that its amplitude is periodic, with positive and negative changes. Sine wave is like a wave, rising and falling. Generally, the waveform of alternating current changes according to a sine function, so it is called a sine wave. The function of the sine wave inverter is to convert direct current (linear) into alternating current (sine wave).
Most of the PV inverters on the present market are generally in the IP65 protection level, with a certain degree of wind, dust and water resistance. However, in the summer, the ambient temperature is high, and various components in the inverter are prone to high temperatures during operation, resulting in a decrease in power generation efficiency and even affecting the service life of the components. Therefore, the inverter in some photovoltaic systems is installed with a sunshade to reduce the temperature of the equipment. In addition, the installation environment of the inverter should be well shaded and ventilated to ensure the convection of the air and also increase the power generation capacity of the power station