The horizontal centrifugal pump is required to install the basement. In normal conditions, it is the single-stage end suction port/double-suction pipeline downwards inlet and upwards outlet/horizontal inlet and outlet. The inlet pipe diameter is larger than the outlet pipe diameter. The power can be very high. Its efficiency is higher than the vertical pump, and it has a smaller shock on the pipeline. As to the big pump, it is usually recommended to adopt the horizontal type.
The solar water pump is the heart of solar pumping system, so selecting the good reliable pump is a crucial choice in building your efficient system.
Mainly in the market there are 2 types of solar pumps: AC pump and DC pump.
DC solar pump uses DC motor which works based on direct current supply (such as solar panel or battery), so it does not need an inverter.
While AC solar pumps uses AC motor which powered via solar pump inverter that converting DC getting from solar panels to AC.
Then which one is better, AC pump or DC pump?
The cleaning and maintenance of centrifugal pump parts includes mechanical external cleaning and part cleaning. Part cleaning can be divided into pre-identification cleaning, pre-assembly cleaning and painting or bonding parts cleaning.
Today we will introduce a home solar power system design below 10kW, which is installed on the roof of the house and connected to the grid of 220V or 380V. The maximum installation capacity is 25% of the capacity of the upper-level transformer. First of all, it is required to determine whether the load capacity of the roof can meet the requirements. The loading requirements of the solar power system equipment for the roof are greater than 30kg/m2.
With the constantly advance of industrial and commercial photovoltaics, there are less and less large-scale, flat, facing, unshielded cement or colored steel roofs, and the rest may be multi-angle, multi-oriented, sheltered, multi-structural roofs. How to design solar panel system on the complex roofs? The most concerned issue for designers and investors is to control the cost, ensure the power generation, and be safe and reliable.
The solar PV system is not only environmentally friendly, but also saves money and makes money, becoming a best choice of alternative or backup power source for many families. However, it need proper maintenance, so as to ensure the generating capacity of the system, and guarantee the service life. Do you want a better power generating efficiency and a longer service life of your home solar power system? It should be guaranteed by the sound maintenance.
What is centrifugal pump cavitation?
When the local pressure of the liquid in the pump drops to the critical pressure, bubbles will be produced in the liquid. Cavitation is the whole process of bubble aggregation, movement, division and elimination. The critical pressure is generally close to the vaporization pressure.
The self-priming of the self-priming pump refers to the starting of the pump under the condition that the suction pipe does not need to be filled with water (but there must be enough water in the pump body). It has the function of automatically removing the gas in the suction pipe and entering normal work after a short period of operation. The self-priming pump must be filled with enough water before the first start, and then start again from the water left in the pump body to normal operation.
If you plan to design and install a grid tie solar PV system for your home, you will want to know how much electricity the system can produce each year. Now we will take the roof of 60m2 as an example to make this calculation. At present, the household solar power system generally adopts the monocrystalline silicon solar panel and polycrystalline silicon solar panel. Its specification is generalized as 36V 280W, and the single piece of solar panel generally has an area of 1.8 m2...
With the development of the solar power technology, and people's comprehensive considerations and strict requirements for water consumption, water quality, water supply system reliability and environmental protection, the solar water pumping system has increasingly become the preferred solution to the water use because of its easy installation, no labor guard, low cost and zero carbon emission and so on. The solar water pump system, or PV pumping system, is mainly constituted by solar panel, solar pump inverter, water pump, pipeline and water tank. In this system, the storage battery is omitted, and the water pump is directly driven, which has high reliability and reduces the investment cost.
The principle that a centrifugal pump can transport liquid is that a high-speed rotating impeller exerts a centrifugal force to the liquid. That's why it is called a centrifugal pump. Before start-up, it is firstly required to fill the pump casing and suction line from the funnel with liquid. When the impeller rotates rapidly, the liquid in the impeller rotates as well under the driving force of the impeller blade, so that the liquid obtains centrifugal force and moves outward from the center of the impeller along the vane flow passage. Afterwards, it is tossed out of the end of the blade, and thrown into the volute or diffusion pipe of the pumping shell(or guide wheel). When the liquid flows to the diffusion tube, the flow speed slows down because the sectional area of the liquid flow expands gradually, and a part of the kinetic energy is converted into a static energy head, the pressure is raised, and eventually pushed out of the discharge tube. At the same time, a partial vacuum is generated at the center of the impeller because the liquid is thrown away, so that the liquid in the sump is continuously sucked into the pump from the source of the suction pipe under the action of the liquid surface pressure. The impeller keeps on rotating, and the liquid is continuously sent from the suction tank to the high level tank or pressure vessel.
Invreter.com online store provides two kinds of off grid solar inverters: Multi-function inverter/ charger with rated power 700W to 6000W and three phase pure sine wave inverter with high power 8kW to 200kW. Cheak the price list as shown below and choose the right off grid inverter to meet your PV system.
The basic principle of solar water pump system is to use semiconductor solar cells to convert solar energy directly into electricity, and then use various motors to drive water pumps for water lifting from deep wells, rivers, lakes and other water sources. In some small and medium power solar pump systems, brushless DC motor is often used as the driving motor, but in some larger power solar pump systems, asynchronous AC motor is also used as the driving motor. In the case of AC asynchronous motor as driving motor, solar pump inverter(solar variable frequency drive) is usually used to control.
The solar PV system is constituted by the solar cell, storage battery pack, charge controller, inverter, AC power distribution cabinet, lightning protection system, combiner box, DC power distribution cabinet, environmental monitoring system, monitoring system and other devices. The following is the overview of the main components of a solar PV system.
Solar water pump system can provide water for remote district lacking of electricity or places where the electricity supply is unstable. In low-power solar pump systems, DC brushless motors are often used to drive pumps in order to achieve the highest possible system efficiency. We supply solar water pumps driven by brushless DC motors, which come with a DC controller. AC asynchronous motors are also used to drive water pumps in solar pump systems. In this case, the solar pump inverter is usually used for control. Both the DC controller and the solar pump inverter can convert DC power of the solar panel into AC power to drive the water pump. Also implements control and regulation on the operation of the system to achieve maximum power point tracking (MPPT). The solar water pump system is the most attractive water supply method in the sun-rich areas of the world, especially in remote areas where electricity are not available. Here are ten reasons why solar water pump system should be installed.
The light storage system includes solar energy components, controllers, solar inverters, batteries, loads and other equipment. At present, there are many technical routes, but the energy needs to be gathered on a certain point. At present, there are mainly two kinds of topological structures: DC coupling and AC coupling.
Leakage current of the photovoltaic system, which is also known as the square matrix residual current, is essentially a kind of common mode current. The cause is that there is parasitic capacitance between the photovoltaic system and the earth. When the parasitic capacitance-photovoltaic system-grid forms a loop, the common mode voltage will produce the common mode current on the parasitic capacitance. When the photovoltaic system is equipped with a industrial frequency transformer, because of the relatively high parasitic capacitance between the transformer windings in the loop, the common mode current generated by the common mode voltage in the loop can be suppressed to a certain extent. However, in a photovoltaic system with no transformer, the loop impedance is relatively low, and the common mode voltage will form a large common mode current, ie, leakage current, on the parasitic capacitance between the photovoltaic system and the earth.
IGBT is a kind of power device, which assumes the function of power conversion and energy transmission in the power inverter. It is the heart of the inverter. At the same time, IGBT is also one of the most unreliable components in the power inverter. It is very sensitive to the temperature, voltage and current of the device. In case of even a slight stand exceeding, it becomes incompetent and cannot be repaired. IGBT damage means the inverter must be replaced or overhauled. Therefore, IGBT is the key protection object of the power inverter.
Most of the PV inverters on the present market are generally in the IP65 protection level, with a certain degree of wind, dust and water resistance. However, in the summer, the ambient temperature is high, and various components in the inverter are prone to high temperatures during operation, resulting in a decrease in power generation efficiency and even affecting the service life of the components. Therefore, the inverter in some photovoltaic systems is installed with a sunshade to reduce the temperature of the equipment. In addition, the installation environment of the inverter should be well shaded and ventilated to ensure the convection of the air and also increase the power generation capacity of the power station
The energy flow path of the solar PV system usually contains a solar panel, a combiner box, a DC power distribution cabinet, a grid-tie inverter, an AC power distribution cabinet, and the connection cables. Based on the energy flow of the PV system, it is necessary to fully consider some important factors affecting the conversion efficiency in the design of the solar power system.